Many parents of elementary and high school students complain about the subject of Filipino being difficult. I really can't believe it! If there is anything that we should love and find easy to learn, it should be about our language and literature. Maybe because we have forsaken our mother tongue with other cooler language - English being more widely spoken in common conversation and even formal settings, that's why our students fail in their Filipino subjec?
I grew up in Bulacan, the hometown of great Filipino poet Francisco Balagtas, journalist Gregorio del Pilar among others. Filipino is much spoken, and poetry is almost on every one's tongues, especially the elders.
During my first times here in Manila, some friends were gleefully surprised to hear me utter flowery speech. I would ask those going to school, "Pupunta ka ba sa paaralan?" Instead of using the normal eskwelahan. And if I find somebody wearing a rather fashionable dress, I would say, "Ang gara naman ng baro mo!"
To me, these were normal speech. However, people in Manila find it formal and flowery. They would allude to the fact that I came from the province of Bulacan, and I would always be proud. I love that I can speak like this.
Different Filipino Punctuation Marks
Now enough of my intro. I hope I have you an interest in liking the Filipino speech and as a treat, Cultureight Travel would be providing here some references and lessons on Filipino literature and grammar. Let's start with the punctuation marks.
Tuldok o Period (.)
Naghuhudyat ito ng pagtatapos ng pangungusap na paturol o pautos. Ginagamit din ito sa pag-papaikli ng mga mahahabang salita gaya ng binibini, bb. Ginagamit din ang period kasunod ng mga numero o mga titik sa pag-ieenumerate na may tanda.
Tuldok, or in period in English is used to end sentences that are declarations or commands as well as in abbreviating long words. It is used along with numbers or letters as when enumerating a list.
Periods are also used when writing initials (e.g. P.G.H. or N.B.I.) or when abbreviating professional titles like dr., engr.
Kuwit o Comma (,)
Ang punctuation mark na ito ay ginagamit para mag-indicate ng separation of ideas or elements within the structure of a sentence. Ang comma ay maaaring nasa dulo ng isang sugnay or prase, o nasa pagitan ng magkakasunod na mga salita.
Commas are also used in separating appositive clauses, elements of a sentence from the other parts, towns and provinces in a phrase, elements in a date as in the day, month and year. Commas are also used after the words oo, hindi, opo (no or yes). In salutations or panimulang bati as well as panghuling bati when writing letters, comma ends the phrase. Lastly, a comma is used in separating a quoted part of a sentence from the rest of its components.
Pananong or question mark (?)
Used to end questions.
Padamdam or interjection (!)
Used in words or sentences that express great emotions.
Gitling or dash (-)
Sa pagitan ng panlaping nagtatapos sa katinig na salitang-ugat na nagsisimula sa patinig. (hal. pag-asa) Sa salitang nahahati sa magkasunod na taludtod. Sa pagitan ng ika at tambilang (ika-10 ng Setyembre). Sa pagitan ng maka o ng taga at pangngalang pantangi (hal. maka-Diyos, taga-Baguio). Sa tambalang di-ganap (hal. dalagang-bukid). Sa may at sa di kung bumubuo ng pang-uri (hal. may-sakit, di-ganap). Kapag may katagang nawawala sa pagitan ng 2 salitang pinagsama (hal. lakad-takbo).
A dash is used in words to separate a base word from a syllable ending in a vowel, maka- or taga- and the word that comes after it, combination words where a phrase has been omitted.
Kudlit or apostrophe(')
Used when there is a missing letter in a combined phrase (e.g. kaliwa't kanan instead of kaliwa at kanan)
Tutuldok or colon(:)
Used to separate hour and minutes as when telling the time (e.g. 4:30 pm); when writing chapters and verses from the Bible (e.g. Genesis 1:1); in stating proportions (e.g. 2:2); or when listing.
Tuldokwit or semi-colon (;)
Used to indicate a stop in a sentence especially between two phrases. (e.g.hal. Mula sa mangangain ay lumabas ang pagkain; at mula sa malakas, matamis ay lumabas).
Gatlang or underscore (_)
Used in names of websites or emails.
Tulduk-tuldok or ellipsis (...)
Used to end sentences that are unfinished.
Panipi or quotation marks ("")
Used for quotations, or when stating foreign words in a Filipino sentence. It is also used to show that a group of words were spoken by someone.